ROMAN LEGIONARY Great Warrior Silver Coin 1$ Tuvalu 2010

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The Roman Legionary Silver Proof is the first in the new and exciting Great Warriors series, to be released by the Perth Mint. Tough, courageous and highly-disciplined infantry soldiers, professional legionaries formed the backbone of the Roman army, a formidable fighting force that conquered and controlled Rome’s vast Empire.

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Country Tuvalu
Year 2010
Face Value 1 Dollar
Metal Silver
Fineness (purity) 999/1000
Weight (g) 31.1 (1 oz)
Diameter (mm) 40.6
Quality Proof
Mintage (pcs) 5.000
Certificate (COA) Yes
Presentation case (box) Yes
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The Roman legion (from the Latin legio, meaning "military levy") refers to the heavy infantry that was the basic military unit of the ancient Roman army in the period of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. A legion consisted of several cohorts of heavy infantry known as legionaries or legionnaires. It was almost always accompanied by one or more attached units of auxiliaries, who were not Roman citizens and provided cavalry, ranged troops and skirmishers to complement the legion's heavy infantry.

The size of a typical legion varied widely throughout the history of ancient Rome, with complements of 4,200 legionaries and 300 equites in the republican period of Rome to 5,200 men plus auxiliaries in the imperial period.

Legions were created, used, and disbanded time and again throughout the history of the Roman Empire. Several hundred legions were named and numbered during this period; to date, about fifty have been identified. In the time of the Early Roman Empire, there were usually about 25 to 35 standing legions plus their auxiliaries, with more raised as needed.

Because of the enormous military successes of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the legion has long been regarded as the prime ancient model for military efficiency and ability.

The principle weapon of the legionnaire was the gladius, or short broad sword, which was protected in a scabbard or sheath. Using this heavy iron weapon, ranks of legionaries could cut a swath through opposing formations; it was the ideal weapon for a foot soldier engaged in hand-to-hand combat. Roman infantry also carried a pugio or broad-bladed dagger as a sidearm or backup weapon. For defense in melee combat and from ranged weapons such as arrows, the legionnaire carried a rectangular, semi-cylindrical body shield known as a scutum.

All coins in the series Great Warrior:

  • Roman Legionary
  • Viking Norseman
  • Medieval Knight
  • Japanese Samurai
A full color portrait of a Roman Legionary, he is dressed in a metal helmet with cheek guards, and a cuirass, body armour comprising overlapping iron plates. The legionary is also wearing an apron of leather strips featuring metal plates hanging from his belt, and caligae, leather sandals with iron hobnails. He is heavily armed with his gladius, typical roman short broadsword, in his right hand and his scutum, the cylindrical shield in his left. The solider stands in front of a portico comprised of Ionic order columns. The legend reads "ROMAN LEGIONARY".
Issued as legal tender under the authority of the Government of Tuvalu, the coin depicts the Raphael Maklouf effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and the 2010 year-date on the obverse.