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CARNIVAL AROUND THE WORLD Rio Brazil Coin 1$ Fiji 2012


Carnival is celebrated in countries throughout the world and its origins come from the hedonistic feasts of ancient Rome and Greece but their modern day celebration was invented in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies. The Fiji has released a beautiful coin series 'Carnival Around the World' and this coin is dedicated to the most famous carnival in the world in Rio, Brazil.

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The word 'carnival' is derived from the Italian 'carnevale' which means literally ‘the removal of meat’. With roots going back to the pagan past, carnival, in much of Catholic Europe, became a time of festivity when the devout and not so devout Christians shed their inhibitions and indulged in a last orgy of feasting, dancing and other sensual activities before Ash Wednesday and the long period of fasting which followed. These activities were characterised by masked balls where those of the aristocratic and wealthy commercial classes could, for a time, play out their fantasies and indulge their yearnings for liberation from some of the strictures of everyday living.
This tradition of Pre-Lenten festivity took root In some of the colonies settled by French, Spanish and Portuguese peoples in the Americas. Here In the so-called "New World", it was re-inforced and transformed as It came into contact with other traditions.
Today there are numerous annual festivals celebrated throughout the Caribbean and In North and South America which are not all derived, however, from Pie-Lenten festivities, but nonetheless share certain common features: notably street dancing and parades, strongly percussive and rhythmic music, and the wearing of masks and costumes. The motifs are derived from the cultures of five continents: Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas; but the driving’ force, the rhythm is predominantly African.

In Brazil, the celebration is supposed to go on from the Saturday before Mardi Gras until Mardi Gras Day, but in some Brazilian cities the celebration can last seven or eight days. Just like New Orleans, not many important things are decided in Brazil from New Year's Day to Mardi Gras Day because they are preparing for or celebrating Carnaval (Portuguese for Carnival). Most Brazilian parades have a theme, or enredo, which could be political, historical, or a tribute to someone. The parades had to have a theme that related to Brazil until 1996. Some cities in Brazil do not have a street Carnaval but they might have an indoor ball.
Rio de Janeiro is the mother of all carnaval celebrations around the world. More than twelve escola de sambas, or samba schools, compete in categories of costumes, dance, and percussion. Escola de sambas include the floats, costumes, dancers, and musicians. They are also known as samba schools because the first escola de samba practiced in a grade school. The parades in Rio are known as bandas, with more than 10,000 participants per parade, the bandas go around most of Rio de Janeiro's neighborhoods.

  • CountryFiji
  • Year2012
  • Face Value1 Dollar
  • MetalCupronickel, Silver
  • Weight (g)20
  • Diameter (mm)38.61
  • QualityProoflike
  • Mintage (pcs)2.500
  • Certificate (COA)Yes
  • Presentation case (box)No
The coin’s reverse depicts a colorized representation of a beautiful samba dancer while in the background the famous Sugar loaf mountain. The Ian Rank-Broadley effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the 2012 year-date, and the monetary denomination are shown on the coin’s obverse.