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BAOBAB WWF World Wildlife Fund Coin 100 Francs Central African Republic 2015


Coin of a new series Officially licensed by WWF issued by Central African Republic dedicated to the famous Baobab in Africa. In many arid regions of Africa the distinctive tree is essential for the survival of man and beast. It provides both food and protection and is used for making clothes and medicine. Mintage 5.000 pieces worldwide.

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Baobab is the common name for each of the nine species of tree in the genus Adansonia. The generic name honours Michel Adanson, the French naturalist and explorer who described Adansonia digitata.

Of the nine species, six are native to Madagascar, two are native to mainland Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and one is native to Australia. One of the mainland African species also occurs on Madagascar, but it is not a native of that island. It was introduced in ancient times to south Asia and during the colonial era to the Caribbean. It is also present in the island of Cape Verde. The ninth species was described in 2012, and is found in upland populations of southern and eastern Africa.

Adansonias reach heights of 5 to 30 m (16 to 98 ft) and have trunk diameters of 7 to 11 m (23 to 36 ft)[citation needed]. The Glencoe baobab, a specimen of A. digitata in Limpopo Province, South Africa, was considered to be the largest living individual, with a maximum circumference of 47 m (154 ft)[4] and a diameter of about 15.9 m (52 ft). The tree has since split into two parts, so the widest individual trunk may now be that of the Sunland baobab, or Platland tree, also in South Africa. The diameter of this tree at ground level is 9.3 m (31 ft) and its circumference at breast height is 34 m (112 ft).

Adansonia trees produce faint growth rings, probably annually, but they are not reliable for aging specimens, because they are difficult to count and may fade away as the wood ages. Radiocarbon dating has provided data on a few individuals. A specimen of A. digitata known as Grootboom was dated and found to be at least 1275 years old, making it among the oldest known angiosperm trees.

  • CountryCentral African Republic
  • Year2015
  • Face Value100 Francs
  • MetalCupronickel, Silver
  • Weight (g)25
  • Diameter (mm)38.61
  • QualityProoflike
  • Mintage (pcs)5.000
  • Certificate (COA)No
  • Presentation case (box)No

The coin's reverse depicts a beautiful Baobad in the land of Africa. On the top of the coin the inscription "Adansonia Grandidieri" and the issue date in the lower right of the coin. On the center the logo of WWF organization.
On the coin's obverse the coat of arms of the Central African Republic and the face value.