African Lion and African Madrill
The mandrill is an omnivorous primate species found predominantly in tropical rainforests and is confined to a small portion of west-central Africa that includes Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon. Closely related to baboons but shown to be part of their own genus, the mandrill is best known for its array of bright and bizarre coloring. Thanks to its blue-and-red snout and gold beard, the naturalist Charles Darwin said of the mandrill: “No other member in the whole class of mammals is coloured in so extraordinary a manner as the adult male mandrill.” The gravest threats to mandrill populations are loss of habitat through deforestation and, to an even greater extent, hunting by humans for their meat. This is why the IUCN officially categorizes the mandrill as a vulnerable species. Estimates place the current mandrill population in the wild at only 3,000 individuals.
"African lion” refers collectively to the various subspecies of lion that are found on the continent of Africa. The lion is part of the genus Panthera, which also includes other big cats like the tiger, leopard, and jaguar. The lion is widely considered the “King of the Jungle,” and once was the world’s most widespread large land mammal behind human beings. Over time, however, developing human civilizations nearly eradicated Panthera leo through hunting, disease, and habitat destruction.
For instance, the Barbary lion of Northern Africa is extinct in the wild and only known in captivity. Human interference with lions remains a problem, and P. leo is officially a vulnerable species according to the IUCN. There are perhaps 20,000 African lions left in the wild and an additional 1,000 lions found in zoos and nature preserves around the world.