The RMS Titanic was an Olympic-class passenger liner owned by the White Star Line. For her time, she was the largest passenger steamship in the world.
On the night of 14 April 1912, during her maiden voyage, Titanic hit an iceberg and sank two hours and forty minutes later, early on 15 April 1912. The sinking resulted in the deaths of 1,517 people, making it one of the most deadly peacetime maritime disasters in history. The ship could carry a total of 3,547 passengers and crew and, because she carried mail, her name was given the prefix RMS (Royal Mail Steamer) as well as SS (Steam Ship).
THE MAIDEN VOYAGE
The vessel began her maiden voyage from Southampton, England, bound for New York City, New York, on Wednesday, 10 April 1912, with Captain Edward J. Smith in command.
On the night of Sunday, 14 April 1912, the temperature had dropped to near freezing and the ocean was calm. The moon was not visible and the sky was clear. At 23:40 while sailing, lookouts spotted a large iceberg directly ahead of the ship. The call "Iceberg, straight ahead" received the reply "Thank You" from the bridge. A collision was inevitable and the iceberg brushed the ship's starboard side.
At the time, the Titanic was the largest moving object on the planet and was touted as being unsinkable with a loss of over 1500 lives.
The drama of the sinking ship became the subject of many books, technical literature and speculation. Numerous movies have been made about the tragic event, spreading the myth of the Titanic around the world. In September 1985, oceanographer Robert Ballard located the wreck of the Titanic at a latitude 41°44' North and a longitude of 49°55' West, in a depth of 12,500 ft or 3,840 m. Diving robots were used to take the first pictures, which were then published.
The RMS Titanic Incorporation holds the sole rights to salvage items from the wreck. A total of seven diving expeditions have been mounted, bringing to the surface more than 6000 memorable artefacts. During the campaign in the year 2000, sizeable pieces of coal where salvaged from the wreck in the depth as well.
One of these pieces was acquired to give interested people the opportunity to own a real commemorative item from the Titanic. A real coal piece from the wreck of the Titanic (recovered during expedition in 2000) is inlaid in the coin, in the bunker section of the ship.