Old capital, Kyoto, was founded in 794, and since then it was always the capital of old Japan through the Heian, Kamakura, Muromachi, Azuchi-Momoyama and Edo periods for more than one thousand years. Historically and artistically valued temples, shrines, gardens, etc. are attracting a number of visitors from home and abroad. Some were registered as a World Cultural Heritage Site, and you can taste old Japanese culture in Kyoto.
The Tale of Genji was written one thousand years ago by Murasaki Shikibu. It is the most ancient surviving full-length (54 chapters) novel. The story unfolds around the hero, Genji, depicting daily life and affairs among aristocrats in the Heian Period (794-1185).
Capital City: Kyoto
Population in 2007 (thousands): 2,635
Area in 2007 (square km): 4,613