The Pultusk meteorite fell January 30, 1868 near Warsaw, Poland. Thousands of people witnessed a large fireball in the Polish sky which sped towards the earth. At seven o’clock in the evening an explosion took place and shortly afterwards stones rained from the sky in the surrounding of Pultusk. A huge meteorite detonated in the Earth’s atmosphere and landed on a 120 km2 stretch of land.
Tens of thousands of small stones rained down on the land and houses. It is estimated that thousands of stones fell. The vast majority were small, less than 10 grams down to less than half a gram, and are known as "Pultusk Peas". The total weight of the located meteorite-find is estimated at just less than nine tons. The heaviest piece, which is about 9 kg, is exhibited in the British Museum of London.
The meteorite of Pultusk is a so-called H5 chondrite. These contain spherical inclusions of minerals, the chondrules, which normally consist of olivine and pyroxene. The H stands for the high iron content of over 27.5 percent.
This Polish meteorite shower is among the biggest which has ever been sighted by humans and is certainly the most significant in Europe. However, fortunately no injuries or destructions are known of.