Perth Mint Australia


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EMPEROR PENGUIN Australian Antarctic Territory Silver Coin 1$ Australia 2012


The ninth coin from this amazingly popular series is struck from 1oz of 99.9% pure silver in proof quality and features the Emperor Penguin. The species is best known for the sequence of journeys the adults take each year in order to mate and to feed their offspring.

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Emperor penguins
Emperor penguins are the largest of all the penguins. They stand almost 4 ft. (1.2 meters) tall and weigh 70 to 90 lbs. (30 to 40 kg.). They live and breed at the beginning of winter, on the fast ice all around the Antarctic continent. The total population is estimated to be about 200,000 breeding pairs. Emperor penguins can mate when they are 4 years old and can live to be 20 years of age.
Emperors live in the coldest climate on earth. Temperatures can drop as low as -140 degrees Fahrenheit (-60 degrees Celsius) on the Antarctic ice. After mating, the female lays one large egg. The egg is then immediately rolled to the top of the male's feet. The egg is then incubated or kept warm on the male's feet by a thick fold of skin that hangs from the belly of the male. The males manage to survive by standing huddled in groups for up to 9 weeks. During this time the female returns to the open sea to feed. During the time the male incubates the egg, he may lose about half his body weight because he does not eat.
When the egg hatches the female returns to care for the chick. Once the female returns, the male will go to the open sea to feed. The male will return in a few weeks and both male and female will tend to the chick by keeping it warm and feeding it food from their stomachs. After 7 weeks of care, the chicks form groups called "cr?ches" and huddle together for protection and warmth. They are still fed by the parents. The chicks know their parents by the sound of their call. The chicks are fully grown in 6 months, which is the beginning of the summer season in the Antarctic. At this time all the penguins return to the open sea.

  • CountryAustralia
  • Year2012
  • Face Value1 Dollar
  • MetalSilver
  • Fineness (purity)999/1000
  • Weight (g)31.1 (1 oz)
  • Diameter (mm)40.6
  • QualityProof
  • Mintage (pcs)7.500
  • Certificate (COA)Yes
  • Presentation case (box)Yes
The coin’s reverse depicts a mature penguin with its chick, and a colony of Emperor Penguins in colour. The background incorporates the outline of the Antarctic continent bordered by the inscriptions 2012 – EMPEROR PENGUIN, and ‘Australian Antarctic Territory’. The Perth Mint’s ‘P’ mintmark is also incorporated into the design. Issued as legal tender under the Australian Currency Act 1965, the coin’s obverse depicts the Ian Rank-Broadley effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and the monetary denomination.