Mennica Polska Poland Mint

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OLD WORLD SWALLOWTAIL Machaon Butterfly Silver Proof Coin 1$ Niue 2011


The "Old World Swallowtail" is the fourth commemorative coin in the series "Butterflies", which has already comprised the "Apollo", the "Large Blue" and the "Scarce Copper". The series is offered in golden and silver editions.

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Old World Swallowtail (Papilio Machaon)
The Old World Swallowtail is one of the most beautiful and largest Polish diurnal butterflies. Due to its exceptional colors and shape, the butterfly is very much a desired object for collectors. It can be found throughout Europe, Asia and northern Africa. It is commonly called the swallowtail which is due to the shape of its wings with protruding tails. The wings are yellow in color with black vein markings, some 3.4 cm long, with a span reaching 70 mm. The other pair of wings features a light blue sash and a red eye spot.
The colors of the insect are intended to take the interest of a potential predator from the head. There are usually two broods of the butterfly. The former appears between April and mid-June, with the latter in July and August. The summer swallowtails feature darker wings compared to the butterflies which breed in spring. They can be commonly spotted on sunny hills, forest clearings, meadows, fields and wastelands.
They take nectar from wild plants, such as the red clover or the brown knapweed. The grown pupae are easy to spot, as they are usually found on inflorescences and are very colorful. They feed on common umbelliferae plants, such as wild carrot, dill, Selinum carvifolia, and others. The species also feeds on garden carrots. Due to modern developments of agriculture and collector activity, the butterfly has been placed on the “red list” of endangered and threatened animals in Poland.

  • CountryNiue
  • Year2011
  • Face Value1 Dollar
  • MetalSilver
  • Fineness (purity)925/1000
  • Weight (g)28.28
  • Diameter (mm)38.61
  • QualityProof
  • Mintage (pcs)8.000
  • Certificate (COA)Yes
  • Presentation case (box)No
In coin reverse, in the central part, a stylized likeness of the Old World Swallowtail against the flowers and the leaves of Daucus. On one of the leaves a likeness of the caterpillar. To the right the inscription: PAPILIO MACHAON (Latin name for the butterfly). In coin obverse, in the central part, a likeness of the Queen Elizabeth II. Below, the Mint’s mark: M/W. Around it the inscription: ELIZABETH II 1 DOLLAR. Along the rim of the coin, at the top, the inscription: NIUE ISLAND 2011. In the background, a stylized enlarged fragment of a butterfly wing.