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SHIGA 47 Prefectures (17) Silver Proof Coin 1000 Yen Japan Mint 2011


Shiga, 2011 issue of silver proof colorized 1000 yen coin by Japan Mint, from Japan 47 prefectures series. Shiga is a prefecture of Japan, which forms part of the Kansai region on Honshu Island.

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Shiga was known as Omi Province or Gōshū before the prefectural system was established.
Omi was a neighbor of Nara and Kyoto, and junction of western and eastern Japan, so Omi was developed as the hinterland of capitals, the traffic important point and sometimes political center. In the years 667 to 672, Emperor Tenji founded a palace in Otsu. In 742, Emperor Shōmu founded a palace in Shigaraki. In the early Heian Period, Saichō was born in north of Otsu and founded Enryaku-ji, the center of Tendai and one of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities) now.
In the Medieval Period, Sasaki clan ruled Omi, and afterward Rokkaku clan, Kyogoku clan and Azai clan ruled Omi. In 1570s, Oda Nobunaga subjugated Omi and built Azuchi Castle on the eastern shores of Lake Biwa in 1579. Todo Takatora, Gamo Ujisato, Oichi, Yodo-dono, Ohatsu and Oeyo were important persons from Omi in Sengoku Period. In this times, Ninja was active in Kōka (See also Koga-ryu).
In 1600, Ishida Mitsunari, born in east of Nagahama and based in Sawayama Castle, made war against Tokugawa Ieyasu in Sekigahara, Gifu. After the battle, Ieyasu made Ii Naomasa a new lord of Sawayama, and Naomasa established the Hikone Domain. The Hikone Domain is famous for Ii Naosuke, who became the Tokugawa shogunate's Tairō and concluded commercial treaties with the Western powers and thus broke Japan's isolation from the world in the 19th century. Besides the Hikone Domain, many domains ruled Omi such as Zeze.
With the Abolition of the han system, eight prefectures was formed in Omi, and they were unified into Shiga Prefecture in September 1872. "Shiga Prefecture" was named after "Shiga District" because Otsu belonged the district until 1898. From August 1876 to February 1881, southern Fukui Prefecture had been incorporated into Shiga Prefecture.

  • CountryJapan
  • Year2011
  • Face Value1000 Yen
  • MetalSilver
  • Fineness (purity)999/1000
  • Weight (g)31.1 (1 oz)
  • Diameter (mm)40
  • QualityProof
  • Mintage (pcs)100.000
  • Certificate (COA)Yes
  • Presentation case (box)Yes
One-sixth of Shiga's total area is covered by lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan. Lake Biwa is not only the most important water source for the people live in the main part of the western Japan, but also one of the world's precoius few ancient lakes with four millions of history. The coin obverse features little grebe as the prefectural bird, which tend its baby at th eback of the body, and Ukimido temple constructed to pray for safety of lake transportation. Common reverse design of 1000 yen silver coin: Snow Crystals, Moon and Cherry Blossoms.